Courage: Bravery; intrepidity; that quality of mind which enables men to encounter danger and difficulties with firmness, or without fear or depression of spirits; valor; boldness; resolution. It is a constituent part of fortitude; but fortitude implies patience to bear continued suffering.
Encourage: To give courage to; to give or increase confidence of success; to inspire with courage, spirit, hope, or strength of mind; to embolden; to animate; to incite; to inspirit.
Discourage: To extinguish the courage of; to dishearten; to depress the spirits; to deject; to deprive of confidence. To deter from any thing; with from. To attempt to repress or prevent; to dissuade from; as, to discourage an effort.